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Reproduced: January 11, 2016 Xuzhou Daily Culture Xuzhou section - solidification is the construction of the flow is history

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◎ text / reporter Liu Su map / reporter Fu Qian

   

Each city has its own memory, these memories are always inadvertently attached to a place. In Xuzhou, the Department of Hill is such a place bearing the historical memory.

    From 1998 to now, the Ministry of the mountain has gone through numerous large and small alterations and protection works, from investment, to lighting engineering, to the ancient building repair, which lasted nearly 20 years. The end of last year, abercrombie france, the Ministry of the mountain courtyard of the Zheng, Liu Grand Courtyard and the right to complete the arch have been completed, and before the restoration of the completion of the Folk Museum (Zhai Grand Courtyard and Yu Grand Courtyard) together in 2016 New Year period Visitors are open. Open during the cheongsam show, calligraphy and painting exhibition, Guoxue lectures, non-left project exhibition, folk customs performances and other programs take turns, so that the flow of people in the four days to nearly 100,000 people.

    Escape the crowded flow of people, January 7, the reporter visited the Ministry of Hill, quiet taste of the newly restored completion of the three courtyards. Linger in the carved lintel, between the green brick Daiwa, similar to the montage screen monochrome flashback, sometimes black and white, sometimes color, but carrying a bird cage Manchu man, but wearing fashionable avant-garde of us, like a MTV , In the past life and back and forth between the switch.


Zheng Grand Courtyard

  

Past life: the name of the state capital

    Zheng courtyard is located in the Ministry of Shandong side, is the Qing Dynasty Tongzhi years in the ancient temple built on the site. Building west to east, there are two parallel north-south two-way courtyard, an area of 1670 square meters, construction area of 803.29 square meters, 48 houses. At present the Zheng family courtyard is close to the Zhai family courtyard, and with the right entrenched arch, the Liu courtyard and the family department mountain top tourist spot connects the stage. Inside the courtyard there is a more than 500 years of ancient ginkgo tree.

    Zheng Zhengzhou for the founder of the Western Zhou Zheng Henggong, the original home of Henan Zheng, Ming Dynasty business moved to Suqian, the early Qing Dynasty to avoid war moved to Xuzhou, the ancestor of Zheng Maofang. Zheng Maofang to Xuzhou, the first off from the South Street, to make a small business for a living. Zheng Maofang Qinjianchijia, charity, and descendants of a pulse. Seven of Zheng Hsiao-liang in Sanmin Street to open sauce shop for a living, due to well-run, family wealth gradually, for charity, was sent a "Zheng Shanren" title. Tongzhi years, Zheng moved to the Ministry of Hill. Zheng Xiaoli first in the Ministry of Shandong to buy a transformation of the old courtyard, which is the South House. Later, the North Temple of the temple was purchased, the expansion of the North Institute, the formation of two parallel north and south quadrangle. Two homes connected to form four times into the courtyard system.

    Zheng is a typical Confucian Merchants, at that time is the "reputation of the state capital," the door of the distinguished family, the real scholarly door, painting home. Nine Zheng Hsiao-tzu's Sun Zheng Tan is the master of Confucianism, good at classical, good at appreciation, in-laws Zhang Boying comment on the appreciation of the deep "wins to carry on", has financing to create "Chutai primary school." XI Shi deaf mute calligrapher Zheng Si Li opened a private deaf school, is the founder of Xuzhou deaf school. Famous Chinese painter Zheng Yan (Sven) and a generation of master Li Ke-dye is both Peking Opera students, but also art teachers and students, the magnificent landscape painting, and Pengcheng School of the same strain.

    Zheng Jiayuan yard to live the last owner called Zheng Shuyi, she has been living in this place only private property, until the 1999 Spring Festival passed away. Miss Cheng is alive, often sit at the door, chanting poems, past visitors about their luxury life in previous years, their behavior to do show a different general lady temperament.

  This life: also ancient also

    Zheng courtyard South Institute in 2000 for maintenance. East Gate for the main gate of the courtyard, from the door to enter, the first thing is greeted by the exquisite sculpture of the high-grade red wood Zhaomo big screen, engraved with the words of the powder shop Zheng introduction. Into the foyer is a courtyard, is placed at the bonsai stone, the back and side of the Glyph of Eight Immortals pattern. The courtyard of the corner of the water tank placed to restore the old rainwater and roof drowning collection function, but also take into account the fire house, the tank placed round stool for rest.

    From the left side of the hall into the gallery, the west side of the gallery is a layer of the Treasury, the second floor for the housekeeper. Through the corridor into the first after the patio space. The eastern side of the building for the lower courtyard, the house placed shelf bed, wardrobe, classic cabinet, square tables and stools, is a former house servants daily accommodation.

    Next to the business district. This is an independent, closed courtyard, on both sides of the house for the external operation of the tea room. The main room for the VIP tea room, can serve as VIP reception room. The tea room is designed with three functions: desk, tea table (can accommodate 12 people round table) and rest area. Indoor background wall hanging carving exquisite, gold powder paved the tea ceremony of ancient poetry, the right hanging mahogany marble mosaic marble paintings, dazzling, magnificent. The design concept of the service desk comes from the cabinet of the ancient Chinese medicine shop, where the different kinds of tea are placed in the cabinet.

    The main room on the left and right side of the auxiliary room for the public tea, a total of 5-6 tea tables can be arranged in the tea room outdoor patio can also be placed tea table, so that visitors can experience the ancient houses that elegant and pleasant scenery. At present, the tea room has not been open to the public. In the near future, leisure time, you can pick an afternoon, a tea, a bamboo chair, about 35 friends, sitting in the sun under the mottled shadows, here, venting all the thoughts and pressures.

    Along a narrow path, and then move forward, to the beautiful garden of the Cheng family, where the door is also leading to Zhai Grand Courtyard. This back garden is located on the west side of the East, is a enclosed courtyard, by the main room main room, rooms, tea hall, hall composed. Into here, those high-rise, those traffic, all gone. Time seems to suddenly slow down, black wooden door to block the hustle and bustle of the city.

    And then went to the depths, went to the backyard of the house - the living area for the owners and their families to rest. Here you can see the owner of the main room, Miss young master of the allocation, as well as workshops and study. In order to reconcile with the characteristics of ancient residential architecture, in the repair process, the relevant departments cost more than 1300 million additional Ming and Qing Dynasties ancient furniture and display a variety of works of art, set off by these beautiful furniture, the original tall buildings are now empty The breath of life.


  Liu Grand Courtyard

 

Past life: everyone House

    Liu Courtyard is located in the Ministry of the north side of the mountain, north of champion Street, Zheng homes, south to play Ma Taiwan. It covers an area of about 700 square meters, construction area of 575.75 square meters, the use of an area of about 278 square meters, the existing housing 14 between the east and west side of the courtyard. After the hospital has a back garden, in 1985, converted into a part of opera stage. The main building was renovated in 2000, is now and Ma Terrace Park communicate with each other.

    Liu Yuan, the master of the compound, Liu Xiang, the fourth son of Liu Yuan, was a rare literary writer in the Wei and Jin Dynasties. Liu Xiang buried after a few miles outside the north of Jiuli Shan. The late Ming and early Qing Dynasty, Liu to keep the tomb of Liu's livelihood after the move from the Jiuli Shan city. During the period of the Republic of China, they rebuilt the Mentou in Mt.He, operated Songmao Rengxing, and then opened the grocery store to operate Nanhuo. The two-word "Tonghe" and "Taiheyuan" crossed Daoping Road and Ma Street. Home Daoyin Fu, Liu Grand Courtyard has gradually formed the scale of the present.

  This life: the Ministry of Hill "front yard"

    After being a part of the opera, and now part of the front yard Liu only four buildings, is divided into hall, cultural exhibition hall, tourist service center and tea room.

    Hall for the management of space, placed more Treasure House and desk for the management office.

    Cultural exhibition hall is the main room of the courtyard, space positioning for the display of the Ministry of mountain and Liu courtyard, Zheng family courtyard culture hall, known as the Ministry of mountain history and culture of the "forefront." According to the original structure of the building, there are three display space: Ming between the graphic display, introduced the Department of ancient buildings and cultural history of the story, so that visitors can quickly understand the Ministry of Hill; Between the showcase and graphic display of the way the Ministry of Hill of the old things and related books.

    Tourist Service Center has publicity and promotion, information query, distribution of rest, souvenirs display sales and other small service points, but also the Ministry of households outside the mountain population image display of a major window. The hospital has two main functional areas, the front yard with tourist service centers, cultural displays, public tea; backyard as the hospital's back garden, is a place for tourists to rest.

    Into the visitor center, the first to see is the case placed on the door a few cases after the placement of a Ministry of mountain landscape background plate. On both sides of the lighting and bookcase, bookcase placed in the Ministry of the mountain of the relevant reading. The area also has a service desk, both small pieces of storage, electronic inquiries, seating, tea and other functions.

    The east side of the entrance hall is the public tea room, can be placed 5-6 tea table. The door on the back of the case placed on the back of a few cases, the case placed on the screen and other ornaments, hanging above the walls of the tea ceremony of the ink to decorate the interior space.


  Right to keep the arch

  

Past life: the emperor "imperial made"

    Right to the arch, also known as "the right of the Ancestral Hall", is the right to loyalty and loyalty to build the table.

    The original arch is located in the unified North Street, was built in the Ming Xuande two years (AD 1427), 1998, after the demolition, reconstruction in the Ministry of mountain three floor champion east. In the demolition, the staff will be all kinds of building components were encoded, the new arch will be the original code in accordance with the reorganization and repair components, to restore the original building to restore the style and style, it has also become the Ministry of Hill ancient architecture folk attractions landscape.

   Right to say, people in Xuzhou, the word often Zhong, Ming and Qing dynasties known for loyalty and filial piety. His son died at the age of 90, he built the cottage in the tomb, mourning for 3 years; Renzong, due to filial piety official Wenhua Dian Bachelor (prime minister), he resigned, Renzong persuade He said: "I upgrade you, is to give the world a tree for the human model, other things do not require you."

    Right to keep the arch after the liberation of Xuzhou preserved only to commemorate the Zhongxiao cultural celebrities of the monumental building. In the right to the main entrance of the arch, the first door hanging "edict" plaque, which is "Chi made" sign. In other words, this arch is decreed by the court built, and the "Dream of Red Mansions" inside the "Chi made Rongguo" the same. This was a high honor at the time. As for the lintel above the "Central Plains" and "Zhongxiao Ming Chen", is the Qing Emperor Shunzhi Emperor ordered the reconstruction of the Royal.

  This life: Xiaobiao the world

    One of the walls of the house is full of portraits. All the portraits are the ancestral celebrities who have been traced back to the genealogy through the family tree. East and West walls are the origin of power and distribution in the country, and genealogy literature, the rank and file rank, ancestral hall general joint. In the Ancestral General Union, there is a four-word joint: Weisihe; The second line is the right to say.

    As an ancestral hall, where the main function of the ancestors is reflected in the hall. On both sides of the main entrance of the main entrance of the Qing Dynasty Emperor Qianlong of the Southern Patrol pro-couplets: filial piety to make goods for the first Zaolong Zaifu, meritorious de name down later Yiu door. Just above the hall there is a plaque: Tak crown hundred lines. The middle of the hall is the right of the portrait, the couplet on both sides of the portrait is Qianlong Emperor to Xuzhou right to the title. On the portrait, the right to wear the official uniform is the Ming Dynasty is five clothing. On the deeds of the right to move, the history of very few records, "Twenty-five History of the Ming Dynasty," "Xiaoyi" articles for him with a hundred words of space were summarized, where you can see the original.

    On the left side of the portrait is the portrait of the rightful parents, and on the right is the portrait of the son of the right and his wife. From the introduction of the right-lun can also see that right can be said to Xiaoyi heirloom. In addition, the house there are several portraits, are based on the main deeds of the right to be provided by the right of future generations, summed up the right to life like the main life track.

    The north house of the archway houses the relevant documents of the relics of the Quan family, such as the genealogy and the ancestral hall of the right, and the epitaph of the right. As can be seen, the right to the character as a family education to educate children and grandchildren of the simple family tradition.


Editor: Zhang Bangquan


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